Pop-Up Project - Choose one of the Founding Fathers or Montesque, John Locke, or Thomas Payne
By the end of this tutorial, you will understand how Enlightenment ideas like separation of powers, natural law, and the social contract influenced the Founding Fathers and their design of the United States Government.
La iluminación y los padres fundadores
checks and balances
a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches
consent of the governed
an agreement made by the people to establish a government and abide by its laws
a period in European history when many educated people stressed the importance of learning and reasoning; education was considered the key to understanding and solving society’s problems
a person’s ability to be free and independent
having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others
laws passed by government to protect natural rights
the belief that individuals are born with basic rights that cannot be taken away by governments; life, liberty, and property
separation of powers
the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities
an implied agreement among the people of an organized society that defines the rights, duties, and limitations of the governed and the government
Unit: The Founding From Colonies to the United States
C.1.1 – Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of powers and John Locke’s theories of natural law and how Locke’s social contract influenced the Founding Fathers.
- Students will identify and describe the Enlightenment ideas of separation of powers, natural law, and social contract.
- Students will examine how Enlightenment ideas influenced the Founders’ beliefs about individual liberties and government.
- Students will evaluate the influence of Montesquieu’s and Locke’s ideas on the Founding Fathers.
Great Power Point on the Enlightenment period! SS.7.C.1.1 Highlights: Enlightenment Ideas